Basic Korean Lesson 1.06: The Vowel 오

In Lesson 1.05, we have learned about the vowel which sounds like soft “ae” as in speck.

In this lesson, we will learn a new vowel – the vowel , which sounds like “o” in toss or “ow” in float.

Hangeul
Phonetic Symbol [ o ] *from the International Phonetic Alphabet)
Romanization o *from the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2000)

As you can see, this vowel looks like the vowel that’s been rotated 90 degrees clockwise. Sounds a bit complicated? Let’s put it more simply then. The vowel is like letter O resting on an upside-down letter T. That’s your vowel ! Very easy to recall, isn’t it?

Do your best to be familiar with this vowel, memorize its appearance, so that you will be able to combine it with the other vowels that we have studied before and the rest of the vowels and consonants that we will be studying on the next lessons.

Now, for you to get familiar with the vowel , we will use it the way we used the previous vowels. We will begin by using it as a substitute for the sound /o/ in English words.

ver
mrnng
bwte
crssrd
stne
lwnm오애r
wrdrbe

Are you now familiar with the vowel ? Let’s take it to the next level by using it in Korean words this time.

ppa older brother (of a female)
s clothes or dress
Jeunghaeyo detest
da come
radi radio (a borrowed word)
cheonwoneochi five thousand won worth
niy, moreugessyo. No, I don’t understand.
Annyonghi kashipshiy. Good-bye.
Yogi kyesanso chom kacho-osey. Please bring me the check.
run-jjok uro doll ka-jusaeyo. Please turn right.

(… to be continued)


Korean Lesson 1.05 ↞|↠ More Korean Lessons

Learn Korean – Lesson 1.05: The Vowel 애

In Lesson 1.04, we have learned about the vowel which sounds like soft “ey” as in paint.

In this lesson, we will learn another vowel that looks a little like – the vowel , which sounds like “ae” as in speck.

Hangeul
Phonetic Symbol [e/Ɛ] *from the International Phonetic Alphabet)
Romanization [ ae ] *from the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2000)

This vowel looks very similar to the vowel . But for a clearer perception, let’s put it this way: the vowel “ae” in Hangeul is like the letters “O” and “H” written very close together. That’s your vowel ! Very easy to recall, isn’t it?

Do your best to be familiar with this vowel, memorize its appearance, so that you will be able to combine it with the other vowels that we have studied before and the rest of the vowels and consonants that we will be studying on the next lessons.

Now, for you to get familiar with the vowel , we will use it the way we used the previous vowels. We will begin by using it as a substitute for the sound /e/Ɛ/ in English words.

crmpts
scnry
mttrss
tst이애r
pnkllr
thopia
ppr

(… to be continued)


Korean Lesson 1.04 ↞|↠ Korean Lesson 1.06

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Learn Korean – Lesson 1.04: The Vowel 에

In Lesson 1.03, we have learned about the vowel which sounds like soft “uh” as in bought.

In this lesson, we will learn another vowel that looks a little like the vowel – the vowel , which sounds like soft “ey” as in paint.

Hangeul
Phonetic Symbol [ e ] *from the International Phonetic Alphabet)
Romanization e *from the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2000)

As you can see, the vowel looks very similar to the vowel . The only difference is that it has an extra vertical line on the right side.

Do your best to be familiar with this vowel, memorize its appearance, so that you will be able to combine it with the other vowels that we will be studying next time.

Now, for you to get familiar with the vowel , we will use it the way we used the previous vowels that we have learned. We will start by using it as a substitute for the sound /e/ in English words.

spde
snl ml
tster
pnkller
asslnt
rdo

Are you now familiar with the vowel ? Let’s take it to the next level by using it in Korean words this time.

Chilpan sseuseyo. Write it on the chalkboard(, please).
Urin seoro cheonnun banhaessyo. It was love at first sight.
PAL 112 Pyeon yeyakago sipyo. I’d like to reserve a seat on PAL Flight 112.

(… to be continued)


Korean Lesson 1.03 ↞|↠ Korean Lesson 1.05

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Learn Korean – Lesson 1.03: The Vowel 어

In Lesson 1.02, we have learned about the vowel which sounds like “a” as in smart.

In this lesson, we will learn another vowel that looks quite similar to – the vowel , which sounds like soft “uh” as in bought.

Hangeul
Phonetic Symbol [ Ɔ/Ә ] *from the International Phonetic Alphabet)
Romanization eo *from the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2000)

As you can see, th vowel looks very similar to . The only difference is that the small horizontal dash attached to its vertical line is on the left side instead of having it on the right side.

Do your best to be familiar with this vowel, memorize its appearance, so that you will be able to combine it with the other vowels that we will be studying next time.

Now, for you to get familiar with the vowel , we will use it the way we used the previous vowels that we have learned. We will start by using it as a substitute for the sound /Ɔ/ or /Ә/ in English words.

brght
pper
sft
mck
cgh

Are you now familiar with the vowel ? Let’s take it to the next level by using it in Korean words this time.

Algessyo? Do you understand?
Ne, algessyo. Yes, I understand.
아niyo, moreugessyo. No, I don’t understand.
Jilmun issyo? Are there any questions?
Ne, issyo. Yes, there is.
아niyo, eopsyo. No, there aren’t. / No, there isn’t.
Urin seoro cheonnune banhaessyo. It was love at first sight.
Uri heeojyesse. We split up.
Nae yeojachinguga doejullae? Will you be my girlfriend?
PAL 112 Pyeon yeyakago sipyo. I’d like to reserve a seat on PAL Flight 112.
Yeongrul malsum halsu issyo? Do you speak English?


Korean Lesson 1.02 ↞|↠ Korean Lesson 1.04

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Learn Korean – Lesson 1.02: The Vowel 아

In Lesson 1.01, we have learned about the vowel which sounds like “i” as in beet.

In this lesson, we will learn about a very similarly-looking vowel, the vowel , which sounds like “ah” as in swan.

Hangeul
Phonetic Symbol [ a ] *from the International Phonetic Alphabet)
Romanization a *from the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2000)

As you can see, this vowel looks very similar to the vowel , but note the difference on the right side of the vertical line in . It has a small horizontal dash attached to it.

Do your best to be familiar with this vowel, memorize its appearance, so that you will be able to combine it with the other vowels that we will be studying next time.

Now, for you to get familiar with the vowel , we will use it the way we used the vowel previously. We will start by using it as a substitute for the sound /a/ in English words.

hrd
md
smrt
sld
swrmng
mttress

Are you now familiar with the vowel ? Let’s take it to the next level by using it in Korean words this time.

niyo No (informal)
niya (It’s) not.
Orun-jjok uro doll ka-jusaeyo. Turn right (, please).

(… I’ll be posting more examples here as soon as I find more)


Korean Lesson 1.01 ↞|↠ Korean Lesson 1.03

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Basic Korean Lesson 1.01: The Vowel 이

In this lesson, we will learn about the vowel which sounds as “i” as in beet.

Hangeul
Phonetic Symbol [ i ] *from the International Phonetic Alphabet)
Romanization i *from the Korean Ministry of Culture and Tourism, 2000)

This vowel, as you can see, is written as a small circle with a straight, vertical line on its right side. That’s your vowel /i/. Very simple, right?

Do your best to be familiar with this vowel, memorize its appearance, so that you will be able to combine it with the other vowels that we will be studying next time.

Now, for you to get familiar with the vowel, we will put it into use. You might find this technique a little strange, but all the same, as long as it is effective. First, we will use the vowel as a substitute for the sound /i/ in English words.

bt
mtshop
shorse
Ethopia
stl
snior
scnery
swarmng

Are you now familiar with the vowel ? Let’s take it to the next level by using it in Korean words this time.

dar이 the moon
ra이to lighter (a borrowed word)
jusoui upyeonbeonhoga mwoyeyo? What’s the zip code for this address?
Urin cheonsaengyeonbun이ya. We’re a match made in heaven.
Gaeuleun dokseoeui gyejeol이ya. Autumn is a season for reading.
이geo eolmayeyo? How much is this?
jusoui upyeonbeonhoga mwoyeyo? What’s the zip code for this address?
Naneun silmang이yeyo haeyo. (I am/I feel) disappointed.
Geugeoseun) maeryeokjeok이yeyo haeyo. It is charming.
Geugeoseun) gamdongjeok이yeyo heayo. It is moving. (moving here refers feeling, not movement)


More Korean Lessons ↞|↠ Korean Lesson 1.02